Donoso, P. J. (2005): Crown Index: a canopy balance indicator to assess growth and regeneration in uneven-aged forest stands of the Coastal Range of Chile. Forestry 78(4): 337-351., doi: 10.1093/forestry/cpi046

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Teljes hivatkozás: 
Donoso, P. J. (2005): Crown Index: a canopy balance indicator to assess growth and regeneration in uneven-aged forest stands of the Coastal Range of Chile. Forestry 78(4): 337-351., doi: 10.1093/forestry/cpi046
Rövid hivatkozás: 
Donoso (2005)
Első szerző: 
Donoso, Pablo J.
Év: 
2005
Összefoglalás: 

Crown Index: a canopy balance indicator to assess growth and regeneration in uneven-aged forest stands of the Coastal Range of Chile
Pablo J. Donoso

Summary:
A balanced diameter structure, i.e. similar crown area allocated to the different cohorts in uneven-aged forest stands, has been traditionally regarded as a requirement for achieving better growth rates and regeneration. Long-term experiments have demonstrated the sustainability of these structures, but quantitative data informing on how growth and regeneration behave under a balanced diameter structures have been scarce. Similarly, vertical structure has not been properly accounted for as a variable that can affect growth and regeneration in uneven-aged stands. In this study a Crown Index (CI) was used as a surrogate of a balanced diameter structure and an indicator of vertical structure. This new index is obtained by dividing the canopy area of trees in the main and upper canopy positions in a stand by the canopy area in lower strata. A CI of 1.0 indicates, on average, an even allocation of canopy area to each of four strata, namely, a balanced structure; values>1.0 or <1.0 reflect unbalanced structures, with excess canopy cover of large trees or medium and small trees, respectively. From data obtained from stands at relatively poorer and better sites in uncut and partially cut old-growth stands in the Coastal Cordillera of southern Chile, the effects of CI, proportion of large and small trees, canopy area, and basal area on diameter growth of Laurelia philippiana Looser (Monimiaceae) - the most important species in these forests - and regeneration of all canopy tree species were tested. Results indicated the following: the CI was most strongly correlated to the proportion of large and of small trees (i.e. structural indicator), and to a lesser extent to basal area (a density indicator); the CI was by far the best explanatory variable of growth at better sites and of regeneration at poor sites; and, in general, greater growth and more seedlings occured as CI values decreased towards 1, which reflects a balanced diameter structure. Results support the value of balanced diameter structures in managed uneven-aged stands, but also suggest that alternative structures could be sought.

erdőszerkezet: faállomány
erdőszerkezet: újulat
ökoszisztéma: növekedés, fejlődés, produkció
Megjegyzések: 

Crown Index: a canopy balance indicator to assess growth and regeneration in uneven-aged forest stands of the Coastal Range of Chile
Pablo J. Donoso

Tartalom:
Introduction
Methodology
Study area
Methods
-Plots
-Growth
-Calculating of CI
-Analyses
Results
Discussion
CI as related to other density/structure indicators
Importance of vertical stratification on diameter growth and regeneration
Implications for management
References

Címszavazva -GE

Kiadó: 
Institute of Chartered Foresters
Folyóirat: 
Forestry
Lelőhely: 
ER Archívum (2005/P-007)
Típus: 
tudományos publikáció, konferencia szakcikk (teljes)
Katalógusba vette: 
Gulyás Györgyi
Katalógusbavétel időpontja: 
2008-12-16