Gardiner, B., Byrne, K., Hale, S., Kamimura, K., Mitchell, S. J., Peltola, H. & Ruel, J-C. (2008): A review of mechanistic modelling of wind damage risk to forests. Forestry 81(3): 447-463.

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Teljes hivatkozás: 
Gardiner, B., Byrne, K., Hale, S., Kamimura, K., Mitchell, S. J., Peltola, H. & Ruel, J-C. (2008): A review of mechanistic modelling of wind damage risk to forests. Forestry 81(3): 447-463.
Rövid hivatkozás: 
Gardiner et al. (2008)
Első szerző: 
Gardiner, Barry
Év: 
2008
Összefoglalás: 

A review of mechanistic modelling of wind damage risk to forests
Barry Gardiner, Ken Byrne, Sophie Hale, Kana Kamimura, Stephen J. Mitchell, Heli Peltola and Jean-Claude Ruel
2008

Summary:
This paper reviews the current status of mechanistic models for wind damage risk assessment, describing model structure, applicability, validation and current limitations. We focus particularly on the hybrid mechanistic/empirical models GALES and HWIND, which have been designed for calculating wind damage risk at the stand level within uniform forests and which are the most widely adopted models within the research community, These models have been integrated with different methods for predicting the local wind climate in order to calculate the probability of wind damage in a number of different countries. We also discuss ongoing modelling work and proposals for future development in order to deal with complex forest structures and predict the wind damage risk of individual trees within stands through the integration of mechanistic risk models with forest growth and yield models within a geographical information system framework. This kind of model integration will enable spatial representation of tree lists and damage propagation and allow managers to evaluate the effect of different harvesting and thinning scenarios on the risk of windthrow of both stands and individual trees within a stand.

erdődinamika, lékdinamika, szukcesszió
módszertan: modellezés
ökoszisztéma: bolygatás, zavarás, szennyezés
Megjegyzések: 

A review of mechanistic modelling of wind damage risk to forests
Barry Gardiner, Ken Byrne, Sophie Hale, Kana Kamimura, Stephen J. Mitchell, Heli Peltola and Jean-Claude Ruel
2008

Tartalom
Introduction
Mechanistic wind damage risk modelling
Outline of mechanistic modelling
Prediction of CWS
Prediction of wind climate
Current status and applications of mechanistic models GALES and HWIND
Validation of mechanistic modelling approach
Current limitations of mechanistic modelling of wind damage risk
Assumptions and empiricisms
Validity of risk predictions in structured stands
Damage propagation and tree-to-tree variability
Impacts of semi-spatial and non-directional wind climate on risk predictions
Discussion
New developments required of mechanistic modelling of wind damage risk
Examples of recent and ongoing modelling
Validation of improved mechanistic models
Incorporating mechanistic models into forest management systems
Conclusions
Funding
Acknowledgements
References

Címszavazva - GE

Kiadó: 
Institute of Chartered Foresters
Folyóirat: 
Forestry
Lelőhely: 
ER Archívum (2008/P-003)
Típus: 
tudományos publikáció, konferencia szakcikk (teljes)
Katalógusba vette: 
Gulyás Györgyi
Katalógusbavétel időpontja: 
2009-09-23