Nakano, Sh. & Murakami, M. (2001): Reciprocal subsidies: Dynamic interdependence between terrestrial and aquatic food webs. PNAS 98(1): 166-170.

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Reference: 
Nakano, Sh. & Murakami, M. (2001): Reciprocal subsidies: Dynamic interdependence between terrestrial and aquatic food webs. PNAS 98(1): 166-170.
Short reference: 
Nakano & Murakami (2001)
First author: 
Nakano, Shigeru
Abstract: 

Reciprocal subsidies: Dynamic interdependence between terrestrial and aquatic food webs
Shigeru Nakano and Masashi Murakami

Mutual trophic interactions between contiguous habitats have remained poorly understood despite their potential significance for community maintenance in ecological landscapes. In a deciduous forest and stream ecotone, aquatic insect emergence peaked around spring, when terrestrial invertebrate biomass was low. In contrast, terrestrial invertebrate input to the stream occured primarily during summer, when aquatic invertebrate biomass was nearly at its lowest. Such reciprocal, across-habitat prey flux alternately subsidized both forest birds and stream fishes, accounting for 25.6% and 44.0% of the annual total energy budget of the bird and fish assemblages, respectively. Seasonal contrasts between allochthonous prey supply and in situ prey biomass determine the importance of reciprocal subsidies.

biodiversity: fishes, amphibians, reptiles
biodiversity: birds
forest stand structure: community structure
ecosystem: food chain
Notes: 

forest-stream ecotone; allochthonous prey flux

CĂ­mszavazva - VA

Journal: 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Location: 
ER ArchĂ­vum (2001/P-010)
Type: 
scientific paper, conference (full) paper